Comparison of the OSHO Protocol to a Standard Arm Protocol of the German AML Intergroup in Patients With AML<60a
Acute Myeloid Leukaemia
Conditions: official terms
Leukemia, Myeloid - Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Conditions: Keywords
AML, acute myeloid leukaemia, low vs intermediate dose AraC, CR rate, patients <60 years
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 3
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: Cytarabine
Type: Drug
Overall Status
This protocol is part of the German AML Intergroup Trial, where the OSHO study arm is compared to the common German standard arm after randomization in a 9:1 ratio. The hypothesis involves primarily dosing and application of AraC for induction. It is expected that CR rates and as a consequence also LFS are higher in protocols using higher AraC compared to lower doses and that LFS might be superior in the study specific arm compared to the golden standard published several years ago. In the standard arm, AraC 100mg/m2/day is given as continuous infusion over 7 days. Daunorubicin is given as 60 mg/m2/day over a two hours infusion on days 3, 4 und 5. On day 22 a second induction course is applied. After reaching CR, three cycles of AraC 3 g/m2 over three hours bid are infused on day 1, 3 und 5. In contrast the OSHO arm consists of induction therapy with IDA 12 mg/m*2 over 20-30-min-iv on day 1 - 3 and AraC 2 x 1 g/m*2 bid over 3-h-iv on days 1+3+5+7.

A previous phase II study of the OSHO has shown high CR in patients with relapsed AML using MitoFlag. In this study we asked the question if MitoFlag is superior to IdaAraC in newly diagnosed AML patients without CR after the first induction chemotherapy. Therefore patients are randomized to receive either MitoFlag or IdaAraC and the difference in CR rates evaluated.

It is still unclear if two consolidation therapies are needed before allogeneic or autologous stem cell transplantation. This question is being addressed in the second part of the OSHO study, where patients are randomized to receive either one or two consolidation therapies.

In this study all patients with AML and an age of 18-60 years except M3 are entered
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 60 Years
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

Adult patients < or = 60 years acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) AML t(8;21)(q22;q22), AML1 (CBFa)/ETO, AML(inv(16)(p13q22)) und variants (CBFb/MYH11), AML 11q23, MLL-anomalies, AML with normal karyotyp myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)RAEBT with 20-30% blasts.

de novo AML secundary AML after MDS secundary AML after chemotherapy with alkylantien sekundäre AML after chemotherapy with Epipodophyllotoxin informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

AML M3 patients included in another clinical trial contraindications for high dose cytotoxic therapy such as renal insufficiency liver insufficiency cardiac insufficiency NYHA III + IV, acute myocardial infarction uncontroled infection like pneumonia with hypoxemia or septic schock pregnancy Karnofski-Index of 10 and less second maligancy severe, decompensated metabolism disorders
University of Leipzig, Hematology
Leipzig, Germany
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Dietger Niederwieser - +4934197 -
Start Date
April 2002
Completion Date
July 2014
University of Leipzig
University of Leipzig
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page