Hippocampal-Avoiding Whole Brain Irradiation With Simultaneous Integrated Boost for Treatment of Brain Metastases
Conditions
Brain Metastasis.
Conditions: official terms
Brain Neoplasms - Neoplasm Metastasis
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Radiotherapy
Type: Radiation
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The investigators hypothesize that avoidance of the hippocampal region with WBRT may delay or reduce the onset, frequency, and/or severity of NCF decline, as measured with clinical neurocognitive tools.
Detailed Description
We propose to use conformal avoidance of the hippocampal region during whole brain radiotherapy to reduce the dose to the hippocampi, thereby putatively limiting the radiation-induced inflammation of the hippocampal region and subsequent alteration of the microenvironment of the neural progenitor cells
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

1. Pathologically (histologically or cytologically) proven diagnosis of a non-hematopoietic malignancy other than small cell lung cancer and germ cell malignancy.. Direct biopsy of CNS lesions is not necessarily required although could constitute an allowed site of tissue confirmation as medically prudent. Patients who have been disease free for more than 5 years prior to the appearance of CNS metastases should undergo repeat biopsy of either a systemic metastasis or the CNS metastases to confirm the recurrent malignancy.

2. Patients with measurable brain metastasis outside a 5-mm margin around either hippocampus

3. Patients with measurable brain metastasis who have not been or will not be treated with SRS or surgical resection (Note: These treatment options are only permitted at relapse)

4. History/physical examination within 28 days prior to registration

5. Patients must fall into RTOG recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) class I or II

6. Patients must have a life expectancy of at least 4 months.

7. Age ≥ 18 years

8. Karnofsky performance status ≥ 70

9. Patients must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry

10. Women of childbearing potential and male participants must practice adequate contraception

11. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative, qualitative serum pregnancy test ≤2 weeks prior to study entry

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients with greater than 9 discrete metastases on MRI.

2. Patients with leptomeningeal metastases

3. Patients with measurable brain metastasis not resulting from small cell lung cancer and germ cell malignancy

4. Plan for chemotherapy or targeted therapies during WBRT or over the subsequent 7 days

5. Contraindication to MR imaging such as implanted metal devices or foreign bodies, severe claustrophobia AND patients unable to receive gadolinium contrast agents

6. Serum creatinine > 1.4 mg/dl ≤ 28 days prior to study entry

7. Prior radiation therapy to the brain

8. Patients planning to undergo radiosurgery to any CNS lesion OR patients planning to have surgical resection of ALL of their CNS lesions
Location
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States
Status: Recruiting
Start Date
October 2011
Completion Date
December 2016
Sponsors
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Source
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page