Sorafenib Tosylate Before and After Donor Bone Marrow Transplant in Treating Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission
Conditions: official terms
Leukemia - Leukemia, Myeloid - Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Study Type
Study Phase
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: Bone Marrow Transplantation Type: Procedure
Name: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Type: Other
Name: Pharmacological Study Type: Other
Name: Sorafenib Tosylate Type: Drug
Overall Status
This pilot clinical trial studies the side effects of sorafenib tosylate before and after donor bone marrow transplantation in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Sorafenib tosylate may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
Detailed Description

I. Determine the toxicity and safety of incorporation of sorafenib tosylate (sorafenib) into the pre- or post-transplant maintenance setting for three types of transplants.


I. Improvement of 2 year disease free survival after bone marrow transplant by 25% based on a baseline relapse free survival at two years of 30%.

II. Secondary graft failure is defined as the decline in neutrophil count to < 500/cu mm after achieving engraftment which is unrelated to infection or drug effect (sorafenib?) and is unresponsive to stimulation by growth factors.

III. Non-relapse mortality (NRM) is defined, as death in the absence of competing risks, relapse or progression of disease.

IV. Survival without relapse or death (disease-free survival [DFS]) or without death (overall survival [OS]) will be determined and presented as Kaplan-Meier estimates at 1 and 2 years post-transplant.

V. Patients will be evaluated for chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD) both as described in the National Institute of Health (NIH) consensus project guidelines and by conventional criteria.


I. Patients will undergo serial examinations of bone marrow during the maintenance treatments evaluating minimal residual disease (MRD) by flow cytometry and fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) suppression by western blot analysis and plasma inhibitory assay (PIA).

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients receive sorafenib tosylate orally (PO) twice daily (BID) beginning at least 30 days after completion of induction therapy and/or transplant but no more than 120 days after transplant continuing for up to 2 years after transplant in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 24 months.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 19 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Acute myeloid leukemia with a FLT3-Internal tandem duplication (ITD) who are in a complete remission or partial remission (less than 10% blasts in marrow) as documented by bone marrow biopsy and who plan to undergo a bone marrow transplantation

- Patients who have had count recovery (absolute neutrophil count [ANC] > 500,000/mm^3 non transfused platelet count over 30,000/mm^3 and are at least 30 days after induction and/or transplantation but no more than 120 days post transplant

- Patients may have received any prior therapy deemed necessary for induction of remission except for patients whom have progressed while on sorafenib; patients who have responded to sorafenib previously are eligible for enrollment on the protocol

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)

- Life expectancy of greater than four months

- Total bilirubin less than 2 x upper limit of normal

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 5 x institutional upper limit of normal

- Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels > 1.5 x upper limit of normal

- Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; contraception should continue for at least 30 days after the last dose of sorafenib

- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 2 weeks except for intrathecal chemotherapy (i.e., methotrexate, cytarabine, or thiotepa)

- Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents

- Patients with uncontrolled hypertension (i.e., persistent grade 3 while undergoing treatment)

- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to sorafenib

- Patients with active and/or untreated central nervous system (CNS) leukemia will not be eligible

- Patients must not have any evidence of bleeding diathesis or be on any therapeutic anticoagulation such as low molecular weight (LMW) heparin or warfarin for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) treatment

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements

- Pregnant women are excluded from this study, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated sorafenib

- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients are excluded

- Patients with active acute GVHD who have been initiated on therapy or had therapy escalation within 21 days are not eligible

- Patients with lack of engraftment (less than 90% donor deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA] in bone marrow or peripheral blood) after bone marrow transplant as evidence by RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) are not eligible

- Patients who are unable to swallow pills are not eligible

- Patients taking strong cytochrome P450 family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors including enzyme-inducing anti-epileptic drugs (phenytoin, carbazepine, or phenobarbitol), rifampin, grape fruit juice, or St. John's wort are not eligible
Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Keith W. Pratz - 410-502-7726 -
University of Maryland/Greenebaum Cancer Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Ashkan Emadi - 410-328-2596 -
Start Date
January 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page