Clinical Trial Using Bipolar Technology for Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor
Urinary Bladder Tumor
Conditions: official terms
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
urinary bladder tumor, monopolar TURBT, bipolar TURBT
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 3
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: Monopolar diathermy Type: Device
Name: Bipolar diathermy Type: Device
Overall Status
Bladder cancer is a common urological malignant disease. Patients with bladder cancer will first be managed with transurethral resection (TUR) of bladder tumor. For many years, monopolar transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURP) has been the gold standard for treatment. However, complications including bleeding, bladder perforation and inadequate sampling of deep tumor biopsy remain the major concerns. Recently published papers suggested that the newer bipolar TUR technology has similar surgical outcomes but less complications comparing with monopolar TUR. In this study, investigators will investigate the benefit of new technology as compared with conventional monopolar resection on tumor clearance, complication and recurrence rates.
Detailed Description
Transurethral resection (TUR) of bladder tumor is one of commonest procedures in urology practice. It is the surgery of choice for staging and treating non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. Short lengths of hospital stay, simple and safe are the main advantages of the surgery. Conventional TUR is performed with monopolar diathermy, which commonly elicits obturator reflexes in lateral-located tumor. However, it is not without complication. Bleeding and bladder perforation with or without obturator reflex are the most significant complications after TUR of bladder tumor. The charring effect of monopolar is also a concern as the diagnosis of muscle invasion by tumor is determined by the integrity of tumor base biopsy. Mariappan et al. reported that as high as 33% of the specimen had no detrusor muscle present for assessment. The absent of muscle not only affect the staging procedure but also associated with higher cancer recurrence rate.

Bipolar resection has been widely used in transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). As compared with the traditional monopolar technology, the electric current passes through the instrument sheath. The advantage of bipolar technology includes less obturator reflex, good hemostasis and early recovery. Study has showed that the cautery artifact is more severe on monopolar resection as compared with bipolar in prostate tissues. Due to the clean and precise cutting, there will be less charring on the specimen and thermal injury to peripheral tissues. Applying to bladder tumor resection, this will improve the staging accuracy with better determination of the depth of invasion. Furthermore, with the use of saline instead of glycine as irrigation fluid, risk of TUR syndrome is minimized. There is no randomized trial on the benefit of using bipolar instrument on TUR bladder cancer. In this study, investigator will investigate the role of bipolar technology in TUR bladder cancer as compared with traditional monopolar resection.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Adult male or female patients (age ≥ 18)

- Patients who have diagnosed with bladder cancer (either primary or recurrent) by cystoscopy

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who are scheduled for second TUR within 6 weeks after the previous TUR
Prince of Wales Hospital
Shatin, Hong Kong
Status: Recruiting
North District Hospital
Sheung Shui, Hong Kong
Status: Not yet recruiting
Start Date
May 2012
Completion Date
September 2015
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page