[F-18] Fluorothymidine PET/CT Imaging for Pelvic Cancers
Conditions
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms - Endometrial Neoplasms - Anus Neoplasms - Rectal Neoplasms - Prostatic Neoplasms
Conditions: official terms
Anus Neoplasms - Endometrial Neoplasms - Neoplasms - Prostatic Neoplasms - Rectal Neoplasms - Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
radiotherapy, Positron-Emission Tomography and Computed Tomography, chemotherapy, bone marrow
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Bone marrow sparing IMRT radiation therapy
Type: Radiation
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
[F-18] Fluorothymidine PET imaging will be used to create a radiation therapy treatment plan to avoid active bone marrow in the pelvis. This will be done to evaluate if sparing bone marrow will help maintain blood counts. This would impact chemotherapy administration.
Detailed Description
Overall survival of pelvic cancer patients depends on control of systemic disease. If local radiation therapy depletes bone marrow function to such an extent that systemic therapies must be withheld, chances of metastatic failure increase significantly. This may be more significant for this group of patients because approximately one third of adult bone marrow is located in the pelvic region. Strategies to minimize toxicities would benefit a range of pelvic cancer patients including gynecologic, anal, rectal, and prostate. New chemoradiation combinations improve outcomes for these disease sites, but come at the cost of higher levels of toxicity. As many as 40% of cervical cancer patients miss at least one chemotherapy cycle due to hematologic toxicity and 36% of anal cancer patients experience grade 3 or 4 hematologic toxicity when undergoing chemoradiation therapy. A clinical trial of concurrent chemoradiation therapy for rectal cancer was terminated due to toxicity, including hematologic toxicities. Concurrent chemoradiation therapy shows promise for advanced stage prostate cancers, but it also increases grade 3 and 4 toxicities. To successfully limit hematologic toxicities for pelvic cancers, it is extremely advantageous to avoid irradiating the highly proliferative compartments of the pelvic bone marrow. However, the complex structure of the pelvis makes it difficult to assess the efficacy of radiation therapy (RT) planning strategies to avoid areas critical to hematopoiesis. Uptake of [18F]fluorothymidine imaged with positron emission tomography (FLT PET/CT) can be an accurate and sensitive tool for identifying and monitoring the effects of chemoradiation on proliferative pelvic bone marrow. Clinically validating the utility of FLT PET/CT imaging for identifying active bone marrow in the design of bone marrow sparing RT-plans and the important bone marrow assessment time points would provide a method to reduce acute and chronic hematologic toxicities for pelvic cancer patients.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

- Recommended to undergo pelvic irradiation with concurrent chemotherapy.

- At least 18 years of age. Pediatrics would be best served by a protocol designed for their specific needs.

- Karnofsky Performance Status of at least 60% at time of screening.

- Life expectancy of greater than 6 months.

- Subject must have normal organ and marrow function (as defined below) within 30 days of study enrollment:

- leukocytes at least 3,000 / µL

- absolute neutrophil count of at least 1500 / µL

- platelets of at least 100,000 / µL

- creatinine equal to or less than the upper limit of normal

- not pregnant (as applicable)

Exclusion Criteria:

- history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to FLT

- an oncology research protocol requiring full pelvic radiation (i.e., 4 field box technique)

- uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

- subjects taking nucleoside analog medications such as those used as antiretroviral agents.
Location
Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center
Iowa City, Iowa, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Sandy Vollstedt, RN, BSN - 319-353-7143 - sandy-vollstedt@uiowa.edu
Start Date
October 2012
Completion Date
December 2017
Sponsors
University of Iowa
Source
University of Iowa
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page