The Safety and Effects of Gefitinib in Triple-negative,EGFR Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer
Conditions
Breast Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Breast Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Triple-negative breast cancer, Epidermal growth factor receptor, Gefitinib
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: gefitinib
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Not yet recruiting
Summary
Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease and can be classified into several distinctive subgroups. Triple-negative breast cancer(TNBC) is defined by lack of estrogen(ER), progesterone(PR) immunoreactivity and lack of human epidermal receptor-2(HER2) overexpression. TNBC comprises around 15% of all breast cancer and is characterized by its aggressive clinical behavior and insensitivity toward available targeted treatment strategies such as endocrine and anti-HER2 therapies.Although TNBC is sensitive to chemotherapy,early relapse with metastatic disease is common and the prognosis is poor. Development Of novel treatment strategies is,therefore,needed and the study of other potential targets in TNBC,like tyrosine kinase receptors,is a topic of interest.

Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor(EGFR) is a transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase that encoded by cell erythroblastosis virus oncogene B1(C-erbB1) and belongs to the HER/Erythroblastosis virus oncogene B(ErbB) family. By several signal pathways,EGFR regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, invasion,and angiogenesis,and serves as a poor prognostic factor.EGFR is overexpressed in a variety of malignancies including TNBC.Gene expression profiling and immunohistochemical studies have indicated that 40 to 60% of TNBCs exhibit EGFR expression and gene amplification was found in 18% of this subgroup,but EGFR mutation was rare in TNBC.

By far,the role of gefitinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor(TKI),in the metastatic TNBC has not been identified. Most clinical trials about EGFR TKIs in the breast cancer have one or more limitations including:1) the study population had received heavily pretreatment; 2)the enrolled patients included several subgroups of breast cancer; 3)the expression of EGFR was not clear in the enrolled patients.

Here, the investigators launch a prospective clinical trial, and about 50 patients with triple-negative,EGFR positive metastatic breast cancer that have received at least second line therapy will be enrolled. these patients will be treated with gefitinib, the toxicity and effects of gefitinib will be recorded prospectively to evaluate the role of gefitinib in the metastatic TNBC.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Female
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- ≥18 years of age

- ≥1 measurable or assessable lesion

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group(ECOG)performance status of 0-2

- adequate renal,hepatic and hematological function

- a life expectancy of >12 weeks

- histologically proven EGFR positive metastatic TNBC

Exclusion Criteria:

- brain metastasis
Location
Start Date
January 2013
Completion Date
October 2015
Sponsors
Jiangmen Central Hospital
Source
Jiangmen Central Hospital
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page