Palliative Stereotactic Radiation for Pancreatic or Periampullary Adenocarcinoma
Conditions
Pancreatic Cancer - Periampullary Adenocarcinoma
Conditions: official terms
Adenocarcinoma - Pancreatic Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
recurrent, unresectable, residual, stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), palliative management
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Intervention
Name: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) Type: Radiation
Name: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) Type: Radiation
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The investigators are looking to see if a certain dose of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) may be a viable treatment option for recurrent or residual pancreatic or periampullary adenocarcinoma.
Detailed Description
No standard treatment option has yet been established for patients with recurrent or residual disease after definitive treatment of pancreatic or periampullary cancers (duodenal, ampullary, bile duct). Linac based stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) administered in 1-3 fractions has been shown to be an effective treatment option for patients with unresectable, locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma, achieving local control rates of 84-92% at one year. Associated late gastrointestinal toxicity rates have been reported to be 22-25% at 1 year. We hypothesize that similarly excellent local control rates (80-90% at one year) with a reasonable rate of toxicity (≤20%) can be achieved using Linac based SBRT delivered as 5 Gy x 5 for patients with local failure (remaining disease) after previous treatment with conventional chemoradiation therapy (CRT) with or without surgery and as 6.6 Gy x 5 for radiation-naïve patients with local failure (remaining disease) after previous treatment with surgery and/or chemotherapy. The toxicities of note for this trial are grade 2 and greater gastritis, fistula, enteritis, ulcer, or any other grade 3 or greater gastrointestinal toxicity.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- 18 years of age or older

- Karnofsky Performance Status greater than or equal to 70%

- confirmed pancreatic or periampullary adenocarcinoma

- pancreatic or periampullary tumor less than 8.0 cm in greatest axial dimension

- Either:

- standard of care treatment for pancreatic cancer that included radiation therapy

* patients may be receiving continued chemotherapy post initial CRT. or

- standard of care treatment for pancreatic cancer that did not include radiation therapy * patients must have attempted chemotherapy upon initial diagnosis

- acceptable organ and marrow function as determined by blood tests

- ability to understand and give consent

- must be a patient to be treated with SBRT only at Johns Hopkins Hospital

- life expectancy of greater than 3 months

Exclusion Criteria:

- extensive metastatic disease

- performance status of less than 70

- children are excluded form the study

- no uncontrolled intercurrent illness

- no concurrent malignancy other than melanoma

- pregnant or breast feeding women are excluded

- women who are not post-menopausal and have a positive pregnancy test

- life expectancy of less than 3 months
Location
The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Joseph Herman, M.D. - 410-502-3823 - jherma15@jhmi.edu
Start Date
January 2013
Sponsors
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
Source
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page