Cervical Cancer Prevention: From DNA to mRNA? - New Technologies for Cervical Cancer Screening 2
Conditions
Precancerous Conditions - Neoplasms
Conditions: official terms
Precancerous Conditions - Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
cervical cancer screening, CIN, cervical cancer, biomarkers, sensitivity and specificity
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
N/A
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Screening
Intervention
Name: Experimental: immediate colposcopy
Type: Procedure
Overall Status
Not yet recruiting
Summary
In industrialized countries, cervical cancer is a well controlled disease thanks to the diffusion of Pap test and, in particular, to organized screening programs, which are able to detect and treat pre-invasive lesions (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, CIN). The human papilloma virus (HPV) has been recognised as the necessary, but not sufficient, cause of cervical cancer, so a new screening test based on the identification of high risk (HR) HPV types has been developed(HPV DNA test). This test has demonstrated to be more effective than cytology in reducing the incidence and the mortality of cervical cancer, but it is less specific, so the use of a test triage is necessary to reduce the number of colposcopies and the risk of over-diagnosis (due to the potential regressivity of pre-invasive lesions). Until now, the triage test used is the cytology (Pap test).

Recently specific biomarkers (mRNA and p16 tests) have been introduced for high grade CIN, targeting the molecular alterations strictly associated to transformation rather than simply detecting HR-HPV infections. These tests are more specific than HPV DNA test with a modest reduction of sensitivity for high-grade lesions.

This is a multicenter randomised trial nested into some Italian screening programs based on the use of HPV DNA test as primary test.

All women with positive HPV DNA test will be tested for cytology and also for mRNA and p16. Women with positive cytology will be referred to colposcopy, while women with negative cytology will be randomized into two arms.

This study aims to evaluate if mRNA and p16 could be used as test of triage of HPV DNA or as a primary screening test with direct sending in colposcopy.

In particular the main objectives are:

- Measuring the cumulative detection rate of CIN2+ in the five years following a HPV DNA positive test and mRNA or p16 negative.

- Measuring the potential reduction of overdiagnosis of using mRNA or p16 test instead of DNA, with direct sending in colposcopy

- Measuring the reduction of overdiagnosis of cytological triage or triage with mRNA or p16 compared to the direct sending in colposcopy in women with HPV DNA test positive.

Secondary objectives are:

- to assess the feasibility of mRNA testing in primary screening

- to validate the sample techniques for the new tests

- to standardize quality controls for the the new tests
Detailed Description
Individual data about the following study steps are collected according a fixed format:

1. recruited women

2. HPV DNA result

3. cytology and randomization results

4. p16 result

5. mRNA result

6. colposcopies (with relative cytology and histologies) results

7. Women excluded after informed consent

8. Interventions During the first year of recruitment, there will be two semi-annual sending of data, then each year.

To analyze the study progress in each center, summary tables will periodically send to the PI.

All CIN lesions and cancers found in the study will be be blindly reviewed. A set of quality assurance procedures will be implemented for both the molecular tests, including the use of controls provided by the manufacturers with known HPV DNA or mRNA content and the circulation of clinical samples prepared by the laboratories participating in the study.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 59 Years
Minimum Age: 25 Years
Gender: Female
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- women invited for a new screening round based on HPV DNA test

Exclusion Criteria:

- women not resident in the screening area, or pregnant, or with treated CIN in the 5 previous years, or in post-colposcopy follow up, or in repetition for unsatisfactory cytology.
Locations
Unità Locale Socio-Sanitaria 17 Este Monselice
Este, Italy
Status: Not yet recruiting
Istituto per lo Studio e la Prevenzione Oncologica
Florence, Italy
Status: Not yet recruiting
Azienda Sanitaria Locale 1-L'Aquila
L'Aquila, Italy
Status: Not yet recruiting
Istituto Oncologico Veneto
Padua, Italy
Status:
Azienda Sanitaria Locale 2- Regione Umbria
Perugia, Italy
Status: Not yet recruiting
Azienda Sanitaria Locale Reggio Emilia
Reggio Emilia, Italy
Status: Not yet recruiting
Laziosanità - Agenzia di Sanità Pubblica della Regione Lazio
Rome, Italy
Status:
Regina Elena Cancer Institute
Rome, Italy
Status:
Azienda Sanitaria Locale Roma G
Tivoli, Italy
Status: Not yet recruiting
Azienda Sanitaria della Provincia Autonoma di Trento
Trento, Italy
Status: Not yet recruiting
Centro per la Prevenzione Oncologica del Piemonte
Turin, Italy
Status: Not yet recruiting
Start Date
June 2013
Completion Date
December 2019
Sponsors
Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale Reggio Emilia
Source
Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale Reggio Emilia
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page