Phase 2 Study of Adjuvant Radiotherapy in Breast Cancer Using a Once a Week Hypofractionated Regimen
Conditions
Breast Neoplasms
Conditions: official terms
Breast Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
radiotherapy, adjuvant, weekly hypofractionation
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 2
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: once-weekly breast irradiation
Type: Radiation
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The implementation of a weekly hypofractionated radiation could be an advantageous alternative. The convenience of less treatment days could cause a greater adherence, decrease of costs and increase the offer of radiotherapy to major number of patients in underserved areas.

The purpose of this study is to determine in women with diagnosis of initial breast cancer undergoing breast-conserving surgery the effects of the adjuvant radiotherapy using a once a week regimen, with 5 fractions in total. The study will analyze the acute toxicity of radiation, the patient's self referred quality of life, the cosmetic breast appearance, as well the oncological safety. It will also be analyzed the viability of this more contracted regimen in our community setting, regarding the patient's adherence to the treatment.
Detailed Description
The patients will be told about the study and have all their questions clarified. After agreeing to participate in the study they must sign a declaration of free and informed consent.

All the radiation treatments will be carried out in the Radiotherapy Department of the Haroldo Juacaba Hospital. The primary intention of the radiotherapy (RT) is to treat the entire breast. Initially, with the patient in supine position and the making of an individual immobilization device, it will be done a pre-planning in a conventional radiotherapy simulator. After that, a CT-scan will be performed for the three-dimensional conformal radiation planning.

The contouring of the treatments volumes (target volumes and organs-at-risk) and the dosimetric calculations will be performed in the Eclipse treatment planning system (Varian Medical Systems, Palo Alto-CA, USA). The total dose prescribed will be of 30 Gy, in 5 fractions of 6.0 Gy, 1 fraction per week, 1 week apart in the same weekday. In the dosimetric analysis, at least 95% of the breast target-volume must be covered by ≥ 95% of the prescription dose. The point of maximum dose must be less than 110%.

Clinical evaluations will be carried out weekly during the treatment course and in the 4th and 8th weeks after the conclusion of RT. The toxicity will be graduated according to the Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), v 3.0.

Breast photographs will be held initially and 6 and 12 months after treatment. Breast cosmetic appearance will evaluated by 2 radiation oncologists and classified according to the Harvard scale. The patient's self-referred quality-of-life (QoL) data will be collected in 3 different moments, before the begging of RT just at the end and 1 month after the conclusion of RT. The QoL evaluation tools to be used are the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-30 and the breast cancer specific module QLQ-BR23 questionnaires. The projected sample size is 40 patients.

Which patient has the right of no longer be part of the study at any time, if this will be her desire. The study will be interrupted in the case of severe toxicity (≥ grade IV), death caused by the treatment and/or local recurrence superior than the expected, as the reported by literature. Interim analyzes will be performed every 6 months for better monitoring of these possible outcomes.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 50 Years
Gender: Female
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Breast carcinoma

- Submitted to breast conserving surgery with pos-op free margins status

- Early stage: pT1-2N0

Exclusion Criteria:

- Positive pathological margins

- Submitted to chemotherapy, either neoadjuvant or adjuvant

- Previous breast reconstruction

- Bilateral breast cancer

- Previous thoracic irradiation

- Collagen disease
Location
Radiotherapy Department, Instituto do Cancer do Ceara
Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Lievin M Reboucas, MD - +55(85)99316622 - lievinr@gmail.com
Start Date
November 2013
Sponsors
Instituto do Cancer do Ceara
Source
Instituto do Cancer do Ceara
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page