NK Cell Infusions With Trastuzumab for Patients With HER2+ Breast and Gastric Cancer
Conditions
Breast Cancer - Gastric Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Stomach Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
NK cells, trastuzumab, immunotherapy
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 1/Phase 2
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Trastuzumab + NK cells
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
This study will determine the safety and efficacy of expanded activated autologous NK cells administered after Trastuzumab in patients with HER2-positive breast or gastric cancer. It will also provide valuable insights of the role of NK cell infusions in adult solid tumors.
Detailed Description
Recently, targeted immunotherapies have become part of the therapeutic arsenal in adult solid tumors, and have shown promising activity in melanomas and prostate cancers. Trastuzumab is a monoclonal antibody that targets HER2 and is used routinely in combination with chemotherapy in HER2 over-expressing breast and gastric cancer. Trastuzumab is known to induce antibody dependent cell cytotoxicity (ADCC), among its various mechanisms for tumor cell kill. As such, trastuzumab may suitably be combined with immunotherapy as a strategy to harness the host's immune system against HER2-positive tumor cells.There is mounting evidence that natural killer (NK) cells have powerful anti-cancer activity. In patients with leukemia undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant, several studies have demonstrated NK-mediated anti-leukemic activity. Allogeneic NK cell infusions in patients with primary refractory or multiple-relapsed leukemia have been shown to be well tolerated and void of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) effects. In this study, we seek to enhance the antitumor activity of a commonly used antibody to treat HER2+ breast and gastric cancer, trastuzumab, administered in combination with infusion of activated and expanded autologous NK cells.This is a lead-in phase I followed by a phase II study. Up to 9 patients will be enrolled in phase I to test two different doses of NK cells to be infused into the patient. This will then be followed by a phase II study where 20 patients will be enrolled. Eligible patients will undergo apheresis about 9 days (up to 11 days) prior to cycle 1 therapy to harvest NK cells. The collected NK cells will be expanded and activated ex vivo. On day 1 of cycle 1, the patient will receive herceptin and subcutaneous IL2, followed by NK cell infusion on day 2 of cycle 1. This will then be followed by 5 doses of s/c IL2 three times a week to keep the NK cells activated in vivo. The patient will then receive three more cycles of herceptin (every 21 days). In patients who achieve objective tumor response after cycle 2 or cycle 4, a second NK cell infusion along with s/c IL2 will be administered with cycle 4 or cycle 6 herceptin respectively.This study will determine the safety and efficacy of this novel therapeutic strategy in HER2 positive breast and gastric cancer. It will also provide valuable insights of the role of NK cell infusions in adult solid tumors.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 21 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

1. Age 18-65

2. Histologically confirmed diagnosis of HER2-positive breast or gastric cancer (defined as IHC 3+ or HER2 FISH amplification ratio >2.2)

3. Metastatic disease

4. Presence of measurable tumour by RECIST 1.1 criteria

5. Must have failed at least two lines of trastuzumab-containing systemic therapy (documented relapse while receiving adjuvant or neoadjuvant trastuzumab for HER2 positive breast cancer is eligible)

6. At least two weeks since receipt of any biological therapy, chemotherapy, and/or radiation therapy

7. Left ventricular ejection fraction ≥50%

8. Adequate organ function ANC ≥ 1500/µL Platelet count ≥ 100,000/µL Creatinine clearance ≥60ml/minute Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit normal (ULN) AST ≤ 2 x upper limit normal ALT ≤ 2 x upper limit normal

9. ECOG performance status of 0-1

10. Life expectancy of at least 60 days

11. Negative serum or urine pregnancy test result within 14 days prior to enrolment for women who are of childbearing potential

12. Ability to provide informed consent. Otherwise, a legally authorized representative (LAR) must be present throughout the consent process and is allowed to give consent on the patient's behalf.

13. Patients with reproductive potential must agree to use an approved contraceptive method

14. Ability to comply with study procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Treatment within the last 30 days with any investigational drug

2. Concurrent administration of any other tumor therapy, including cytotoxic chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and immunotherapy

3. Major surgery within 28 days of study drug administration

4. Active infection that in the opinion of the investigator would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate therapy

5. Lactating or pregnant.

6. Serious concomitant disorders that would compromise the safety of the patient or compromise the patient's ability to complete the study, at the discretion of the investigator; serious cardiac illness or medical conditions including but not limited to:

- Patients with dyspnea at rest.

- History of documented congestive heart failure

- High risk uncontrolled arrhythmias

- Angina pectoris requiring a medicinal product

- Clinically significant valvular disease

- Evidence of transmural infarction on ECG

- Poorly controlled hypertension

7. Second primary malignancy that is clinically detectable at the time of consideration for study enrolment

8. Symptomatic brain metastases

9. Receipt of steroids during time period of 3 days prior to expanded NK cell infusion to 30 days after infusion (i.e. day -3 to day +30).
Locations
National University Hospital
Singapore, Singapore
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Soo Chin Lee, MBBS - +65 6779 5555 - Soo_Chin_Lee@nuhs.edu.sg
National University Hospital
Singapore, Singapore
Status: Not yet recruiting
Contact: Soo Chin Lee, MBBS - (65) 6779 5555 - Soo_Chin_Lee@nuhs.edu.sg
Start Date
January 2014
Completion Date
August 2018
Sponsors
National University Hospital, Singapore
Source
National University Hospital, Singapore
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page