Predictive MRI Metrics for Tumor Aggressiveness in Papillary Thyroid Cancer
Papillary Thyroid Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Aggression - Carcinoma - Thyroid Diseases - Thyroid Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
MRI, 14-126
Study Type
Study Phase
Study Design
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Name: diffusion weighted (DW) MRI Type: Procedure
Name: dynamic contrast agent (DCE) MRI Type: Procedure
Overall Status
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic technique that takes pictures of organs of the body. It uses magnetic fields and radio waves that cannot be felt. Perfusion MRI uses faster imaging. It also includes a contrast material that is given by vein. This makes specific organs, blood vessels, or tumors easier to see. Diffusion MRI lets us measure the motion of water in the tumor.

Perfusion and diffusion MRI give extra information which is not available with the regular MRI. A regular MRI only shows pictures of the tumor. Thyroid MRI scans are not part of the current standard of care. The purpose of this study is to see if new MRI methods can give us more information about the tumor.
Detailed Description
The aim of this pilot study clinical trial is to provide MRI biomarkers as quantitative (surrogate) biomarkers of aggressiveness in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) including PMCs and to lay out the scientific basis for their translation into patient management. In this study we will perform specially designed diffusion weighted MRI (DW-MRI) and dynamic contrast agent MRI (DCE-MRI) protocols in the PTC patients.

DW-MRI allows for quantifying water diffusion which has been shown to be related to tumor cellularity (29). Particularly, appropriate modeling with DW-MRI data acquired at multiple b values will enable quantifying tumor cellularity and vascularity simultaneously (30-32). DCE-MRI with proper compartmental modeling will yield metrics related to tumor-vessel permeability, tumor perfusion, and extracellular-extravascular volume fraction (33, 34). These facts provide the potential of DW-MRI and DCE-MRI metrics as quantitative imaging biomarkers of tumor aggressiveness in PTCs. The DW-MRI and DCE-MRI may ultimately help in personalized management approach, in which imaging biomarkers may be used to recommend either immediate surgery or active surveillance for PTC patients.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Biopsy proven Papillary Thyroid Cancer (regardless of genotype and including all subtypes such as follicular or mixed papillary follicular) or suspicious for Thyroid Cancer

- Thyroidectomy or lobectomy planned as definitive treatment for Thyroid Cancer or patients on active surveillance management approach

- Age ≥18 years

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patient would require anesthesia for the study

- Patients who are claustrophobic Patients with tumor size greater than 5 cm in diameter as measured at imaging (ultrasonography or MRI) before treatment

- Patients who have presence of a known contraindication to MRI

- Pacemaker

- Aneurysmal clips

- Metal implants in field of view

- Pregnant

- Age and mental status wherein he/she is unable to cooperate for MRI study Patients who have presence of a known contraindication to DCE-MRI may not participate in that portion of the study

- Known reaction to Gd-DTPA, contrast agent

- Chronic kidney disease

- nursing women
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Amita Dave, PhD - 212-639-3184
Start Date
June 2014
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Record processing date processed this data on July 28, 2015 page