Single-center Study on Laparoscopic Distal Subtotal Gastrectomy for Advanced Gastric Cancer
Conditions
Stomach Neoplasms
Conditions: official terms
Stomach Neoplasms
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
N/A
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Intervention
Name: Laparoscopic gastrectomy Type: Procedure
Name: Open gastrectomy Type: Procedure
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
Laparoscopic distal subtotal gastrectomy with lymph node dissection for treatment of gastric cancer is popular in East Asian countries. However, the long-term follow-up outcome based on randomized clinical trial (RCT) is still rare. Some studies indicated that laparoscopic distal subtotal gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy is a technically feasible and safe procedure by experienced surgeons in high-volume specialized hospitals. However, the application of it is still limited because of lack of solid evidence on the oncologic efficacy. Nowadays, the proportion of patients with locally advanced gastric cancer is estimated up to 80 percent of all gastric cancer cases in China. Before the clinical application of laparoscopic procedure for the treatment with curative intent to advanced gastric cancer located at the middle- or lower-third of the stomach, the oncologic efficacy must be verified.Accordingly, the comparison of long-term outcome between laparoscopic and open distal subtotal gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer based on a well designed RCT is needed.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 74 Years
Minimum Age: 19 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Age from over 18 to under 75 years Primary gastric adenocarcinoma (papillary, tubular, mucinous, signet ring cell, or poorly differentiated) confirmed pathologically by endoscopic biopsy cT2-4a, N0-3, M0 at preoperative evaluation according to the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual Seventh Edition Expected curative resection through distal subtotal gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy Performance status of 0 or 1 on ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) scale ASA (American Society of Anesthesiology) score class I, II, or III Written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Women during pregnancy or breast-feeding Severe mental disorder History of previous upper abdominal surgery (except laparoscopic cholecystectomy) History of previous gastrectomy, endoscopic mucosal resection or endoscopic submucosal dissection Enlarged or bulky regional lymph node diameter over 3cm by preoperative imaging History of other malignant disease within past five years History of previous neoadjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy History of unstable angina or myocardial infarction within past six months History of cerebrovascular accident within past six months History of continuous systematic administration of corticosteroids within one month Requirement of simultaneous surgery for other disease Emergency surgery due to complication (bleeding, obstruction or perforation) caused by gastric cancer FEV1<50% of predicted values
Location
The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University
Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Hongbo Wei, M.D., Ph.D. - 8613760660785
Start Date
July 2014
Completion Date
July 2018
Sponsors
Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University
Source
Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page