Patient Satisfaction After Facial Reconstruction
Conditions
Skin Neoplasms
Conditions: official terms
Skin Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
patient satisfaction, Mohs surgery
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
N/A
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Intervention
Name: Viewing of cancer excision defect
Type: Other
Overall Status
Not yet recruiting
Summary
The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of visualization of skin cancer resection defects on the face on the post-operative satisfaction of patients after their reconstruction. To achieve this aim, patients invited to participate in this study will be randomized to either seeing or not seeing their skin cancer excision defect prior to reconstruction. After reconstruction, patient satisfaction will be assessed in both groups to determine if visualization of the defect prior to reconstruction has any effect on patient satisfaction and if any detected effect has durability over time.
Detailed Description
Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to assess patient satisfaction after reconstruction of Mohs skin cancer resection defects in the face, with the resection defect either seen or unseen by the patient. In this way, the investigators will determine the effects of visualization of the pre-operative defects on patient satisfaction after facial reconstruction. Any effects on patient satisfaction that are identified will then be tracked over time.

Hypothesis:

The null hypothesis for this study is that patient satisfaction after reconstruction of Mohs defects on the face is unaffected by the opportunity to visualize the defect prior to reconstruction, and that this observation persists over time. Furthermore, patients are able to recall the size of their cancer resection defect as accurately from a detailed description as from seeing the defect in a mirror.

Justification:

This study will address whether visualization of a defect prior to its reconstruction affects patient satisfaction. Visualization of a defect prior to reconstruction is not standardized and is occasionally, but by no means necessarily, a portion of their consent for the reconstruction procedure. For the excision and reconstruction procedure in this study, all patients will be receiving the gold standard treatment for skin cancer. This includes a Mohs excision of their cancer and subsequent reconstruction of the excision defect using either primary closure or local flaps. Alternative treatments to this approach include various forms of excision and reconstruction where cancer free margins cannot be immediately determined.

Objectives:

The objectives of this study are to determine whether visualization of a cancer excision defect on the face, prior to its reconstruction, improves post-reconstruction patient satisfaction. The satisfaction measures sought will primarily be satisfaction with the cosmetic result but will also include measures pertaining to symptomatic scarring, skin related quality of life and ability to recall defect size will also be collected.

Research Method:

Patients meeting research criteria will be recruited to this study. These patients will all undergo cancer excision and reconstruction of the skin cancer defect during the same clinic visit. After their cancer excision is complete, they will be and randomized to either viewing or not-viewing their skin cancer excision defect prior to its reconstruction. After reconstruction they will be provided a series of surveys that assess the research questions posed by this study. Surveys will be distributed in the clinic on the day of surgery and at routine follow-up appointments at one week and two to three months.

Statistical Analysis:

The planned sample size for this study is eighty patients randomized to two groups of forty. Study end points will be sought from patient answers to three sets of surveys that determine patient satisfaction with the cosmetic appearance of their reconstruction, ranked on an ordinal scale, as a primary end-point. Secondary end points using ordinal and binary measures will also be sought and include skin related quality of life (as measured by the Skindex 16), scarring, and the ability to accurately recall the size of the skin cancer excision defect. A chi-squared analysis of the data will be performed.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: N/A
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients recruited for this study must undergo Mohs resection of skin cancer of the face with negative margins at the completion of their cancer resection.

- Patients recruited for this study must have a post cancer resection defect on the face at least 1.5 centimeters in size in the greatest dimension.

- Patients recruited for this study must undergo single stage repair of their post cancer resection defect with primary closure or local flaps.

- Patients must be from the Greater Vancouver area.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients with insufficient visual acuity to be able to appreciate wound and scarring changes to their face post-operatively will be excluded.

- Patients lacking the cognitive capacity to complete the data collection forms utilized in this study will be excluded.

- Patients suffering from significant psychiatric conditions will be excluded.
Location
Dermatology & Skin Science (UBC), The Skin Care Centre
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Status: Not yet recruiting
Contact: Bryce J Cowan, MD, PhD - 604-875-4888 - skinsurg@gmail.com
Start Date
October 2014
Completion Date
June 2015
Sponsors
University of British Columbia
Source
University of British Columbia
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page