Collaborative Care to Reduce Depression and Increase Cancer Screening Among Low-Income Urban Women Project (Prevention Care Manager 3 Project)
Conditions
Depression - Breast Cancer Screening - Cervical Cancer Screening - Colorectal Cancer Screening
Conditions: official terms
Colorectal Neoplasms - Depression - Depressive Disorder - Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Depression, Breast Cancer Screening, Cervical Cancer Screening, Colorectal Cancer Screening
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
N/A
Study Design
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Intervention
Name: Preventive Care Management for Depression Type: Behavioral
Name: Preventive Care Management for Cancer Screening Type: Behavioral
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
Bronx County, New York is the poorest urban county in the U.S.A., and residents are almost entirely Latino or African American. Cancer is the leading cause of premature death in the Bronx, with morality rates significantly higher than for New York City as a whole. Low-income/minority populations are more likely to be diagnosed with preventable and late-stage cancers than the general population, in part, due to lower screening rates. While research has addressed screening barriers in low-income/minority groups, depression, a common,potentially critical barrier, has received scant attention. Research suggests that depressed women are less likely to engage in cancer screening, especially mammography and Pap testing. The link between mental health and cancer screening is particularly important to address in the Bronx, which has the highest rates of self-reported serious psychological distress (a measure closely related to depression) in New York City. Depression affects almost 1 in 4 minority women, and while minorities often seek help for depression in primary care, primary care depression management often does not meet evidence-based standards. Drawing on the expertise and close collaboration of Bronx medical and social service providers and patient stakeholders, this study will determine whether a collaborative care intervention that addresses both depression and cancer screening needs simultaneously among women ages 50-64 is more effective at improving cancer screening and patient-reported outcomes for women with depression than an existing evidence-based cancer screening intervention alone.

To achieve this, the investigators will compare the effectiveness of these two interventions using a randomized controlled trial (RCT). In partnership with three Bronx Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), the investigators will recruit approximately 756 women ages 50-64 who screen positive for depression and are non-adherent with recommended cervical, breast, and/or colorectal cancer screenings. The investigators specific aims are to: 1) compare the impact of the two interventions on patient-reported outcomes, including cancer screening knowledge and attitudes, self-efficacy, depression-related stigma, provider referrals, participation in mental health care, medication adherence, quality of life, satisfaction with care and treatment decisions, and depression; 2) compare the effectiveness of the two interventions in increasing breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening; 3) determine whether reducing depression increases the likelihood that low-income women 50-64 will receive cancer screening; 4) determine whether effectiveness of the two interventions in increasing cancer screening varies according to patient characteristics, such as duration of depression, presence of other chronic conditions, and obesity.

This study is designed to increase the investigators understanding of how to enhance primary care systems' ability to improve a range of outcomes related to cancer screening and depression among low-income minority women, and how to best support this population in making cancer-screening decisions.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: 64 Years
Minimum Age: 50 Years
Gender: Female
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Resident of the Bronx

- Overdue for breast, cervical or colorectal cancer screening

- Screen positive for depression

- No cancer diagnosis within the past six months
Locations
BronwWorks
Bronx, New York, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Brian McCullough, LSW - 718-508-3098 - bmccullough@bronxworks.org
Good Shepherd Service
Bronx, New York, United States
Status: Active, not recruiting
Montefiore Family Care Center
Bronx, New York, United States
Status: Recruiting
Morris Heights Health Center
Bronx, New York, United States
Status: Recruiting
Urban Health Plan
Bronx, New York, United States
Status: Recruiting
Start Date
January 2014
Completion Date
May 2016
Sponsors
Clinical Directors Network
Source
Clinical Directors Network
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page