Evaluation of Thyroid Stunning From a Diagnostic Dose of I-123
Conditions
Differentiated Thyroid Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Thyroid Diseases - Thyroid Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
thyroid cancer
Study Type
Interventional
Study Phase
Phase 1
Study Design
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Intervention
Name: rhTSH
Type: Drug
Overall Status
Recruiting
Summary
The purpose of the study is to find out if the small dose of radioiodine, that is used for the dosimetry study on patients with differentiated thyroid cancer, may stun the cancer cells and make the thyroid cancer treatment less effective.
Detailed Description
This study plans to learn more about a medical problem called thyroid stunning. Thyroid stunning is a temporary decrease in the function of thyroid cells after small doses of radioiodine, a radioactive drug that is commonly used to treat thyroid cancer. Thyroid stunning can be an important medical problem in patients who have thyroid cancer that has spread beyond the thyroid gland (metastases). In patients with thyroid cancer metastases, some researchers believe it is good to give the maximum safe dose of radioiodine in order to have the greatest chance of destroying the cancer. The maximum safe dose is the highest dose of radioiodine that a patient can safely receive, and this dose is unique to each person. This special personalized dose is determined by first doing a dosimetry study. Dosimetry study is a planning study that calculates the safest dose that the patient can receive. Currently, it is not known whether the small dose of radioiodine that is used for the dosimetry study may stun the cancer cells and make the thyroid cancer treatment less effective.

There are two important types of radioiodine. I-123 is a form of radioiodine that is used to take pictures of the thyroid gland. I-131 is a form of radioiodine that is used to treat thyroid cancer. It is hoped that this study will produce important information that may be the first step in resolving the thyroid stunning question. Investigators will use I-123, a form of iodine that is currently not known to cause thyroid stunning, before thyroid cancer treatment with I-131. Investigators will try to prove that I-123 does not cause thyroid stunning and does not make the thyroid cancer treatment less effective.

Patients are being asked to be in this research study because they have differentiated thyroid cancer, and they have no evidence of thyroid cancer that has spread to the other parts of their body. As a result, those patients thyroid cancer treatment with radioiodine will be a smaller amount than what is needed to treat patients with thyroid cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. Thyroid stunning is not a medical problem for patients like these. However, by participating in this study, the information investigators gather from those patients treatment of thyroid cancer may help those patients with thyroid cancer metastases.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 21 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Patient must be 21-years-old or greater.

- Patient must be status post near total thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid cancer without known distant metastases and who are planning to undergo routine remnant thyroid tissue ablation with I-131.

- Patients must qualify for thyroid ablation with I-131.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

- Prior bovine TSH use.

- Known metastatic thyroid cancer.

- History of cardiovascular disease that may adversely affect patient participation at the discretion of the primary investigator.

- Patients on hemodialysis.

- Patients with acute serious illnesses at the discretion of the primary investigator.
Location
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
Aurora, Colorado, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Michelle Carr, CCRP - 720-848-6137 - michelle.l2.carr@ucdenver.edu
Start Date
November 2014
Completion Date
December 2015
Sponsors
University of Colorado, Denver
Source
University of Colorado, Denver
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page