Enzalutamide in Combination With Gemcitabine and Cisplatin in Bladder Cancer
Bladder Cancer - Carcinoma, Transitional Cell - Renal Pelvis Cancer - Ureter Cancer - Urethra Cancer
Conditions: official terms
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell - Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Conditions: Keywords
Ureteral Diseases, Urinary Bladder Diseases, Transitional Cell Carcinoma, Bladder, Carcinoma, Renal, Pelvis, Ureter, Urethra
Study Type
Study Phase
Phase 1
Study Design
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Name: Enzalutamide Type: Drug
Name: Cisplatin Type: Drug
Name: Gemcitabine Type: Drug
Overall Status
The main purpose of this study is to find out the dose of enzalutamide that can be safely given with gemcitabine and cisplatin in patients with advanced bladder cancer. Researchers also want to find out the side effects of these drugs when given together. This study will also help in finding out the effect on tumor of the combination of enzalutamide, gemcitabine and cisplatin.
Detailed Description
For the phase 1 dose escalation phase, the starting dose of enzalutamide will be 80 mg orally once a day (Level 1). The dosing regimen of cisplatin and gemcitabine will be at standard doses of Gemcitabine at 1000 mg/m^2 IV on days 1, 8 and cisplatin at 70 mg/m2 IV on day 1, repeated every 21 days for total of 6 cycles.

Three patients will be treated dose level 1 (enzalutamide 80 mg daily). If 0 patients experience dose limiting toxicity (DLT), dose escalation will be done to level 2 of enzalutamide 160 mg daily. If 1 patient experiences DLT, 3 more patients will be treated at the same dose level; if 1 of 6 experiences DLT, escalate the dose to next level, and if 2 or more of 6 experiences DLT, the dose level 1 (80 mg enzalutamide) will be the recommended dose for dose expansion cohort.

The cohort expansion will then be done by enrolling 12 patients with stage IV bladder cancer, who express androgen receptor (AR) staining of 1+ and above by immunohistochemistry (IHC), to determine the safety and tolerability of cisplatin and gemcitabine with the recommended dose level of enzalutamide (80 mg or 160 mg, depending upon the safety results from dose escalation part) in this expanded cohort of patients with AR + bladder cancer.

Enzalutamide would be continued after completion of 6 cycles of gemcitabine-cisplatin for patients exhibiting a response or stable disease, until they experience disease progression.
Criteria for eligibility
Healthy Volunteers: No
Maximum Age: N/A
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Gender: Both
Criteria: Inclusion Criteria:

- Cytologically or histologically confirmed evidence of transitional cell carcinoma of bladder, renal pelvis, ureter or urethra.

- Patients with Stage IV (locally advanced or metastatic) disease. Must have measurable disease, as per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST).

- Minimum of 4 weeks since any major surgery, completion of radiation.

- Prior treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy is not a requirement, but allowed only if used in neoadjuvant, adjuvant or for bladder preserving protocols, as long as was administered > 6 months prior to starting study.

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2.

- Life expectancy 12 weeks or more.

- Must have normal organ and marrow function.

- Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days of the administration of the first study treatment. Women must not be lactating.

- Sexually active women of childbearing age and men should be willing to follow birth control guidelines.

- Should be able to swallow enzalutamide and comply with study requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Prior treatment with any cytotoxic chemotherapy in metastatic setting. Prior treatment with cytotoxic chemotherapy is allowed only if used in neoadjuvant, adjuvant or for bladder preserving protocols, as long as was administered > 6 months prior to starting study.

- Have undergone major surgery within 4 weeks prior to study enrollment.

- Chronic treatment with steroids or any other immunosuppressant drugs.

- Should not receive immunization with attenuated live vaccines during study period or within 1 week of study entry.

- History of seizures, predisposing factors for seizures, including underlying brain injury with loss of consciousness within previous 12 months, transient ischemic attack within previous 12 months, cerebral vascular accident or brain arteriovenous malformation.

- Untreated brain or leptomeningeal metastases, including patients who continue to require glucocorticoids for brain or leptomeningeal metastases.

- Congestive heart failure (NYHA Class III or IV), unstable angina, sustained ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, clinically significant bradycardia, advanced heart block or a history of acute myocardial infarction within the 6 months preceding enrollment.

- Known history of HIV.

- Have any severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions or other conditions that could affect their participation in the study.

- Women who are pregnant or breast feeding, or women/men able to conceive and unwilling to practice birth control guidelines.

- Concurrent medications which strongly inhibit or induce CYP enzymes (gemfibrozil, Rifampin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifabutin, rifampin, rifapentine, bosentan, efavirenz, etravirine, modafinil, nafcillin, St. John's Wort).

- History of stage III or greater cancer, except basal or squamous cell skin cancers adequately treated or any other stage I or II cancer adequately treated and disease-free for ≥ 3 years.

- Prior use of enzalutamide.

- Radiation therapy via external beam or brachytherapy within 28 days of registration.

- Patients who are ineligible to receive cisplatin: Creatinine clearance of less than 60 mL/minute, hearing loss of 25 decibel (dB) at 2 contiguous frequencies, grade 2 or higher peripheral neuropathy, or New York Heart Association Class III or higher heart failure.

- Allergy/sensitivity to any study drug (gemcitabine, cisplatin, enzalutamide), or drugs chemically related to study drug, or excipients.
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States
Status: Recruiting
Contact: Irene Williams-Elson - 813-745-8458 - irene.williamselson@moffitt.org
Start Date
February 2015
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Record processing date
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on July 28, 2015
ClinicalTrials.gov page