Less breast cancer side effects with partial radiotherapy

9 Mar 2016

Radiotherapy – after surgery – focused around the part of breast that had contained the tumor has fewer long-term side effects and is just as effective as standard whole breast radiotherapy, according to a Cancer Research UK-funded clinical trial.

In the IMPORT LOW trial a team of 30 radiotherapy centers led by The Institute of Cancer Research, London, studied more than 2,000 women aged 50 or over who had early breast cancer which was at low risk of coming back.

Low recurrence rate and greater satisfaction with breast appearance

In the study, women who had already had their tumors removed by breast conserving surgery were separated into three groups. One had full dose radiotherapy to the whole breast – the current standard treatment. The second group, after surgery to remove their tumor, had the full dose of radiotherapy to the area the tumor had been in – with a lower dose to rest of the whole breast. The third group received the full dose to the area where the tumor had been, and were given no radiotherapy to the rest of the breast.

All three groups received 15 separate treatments over three weeks using a simple form of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), a technique that delivers an even dose of radiation and reduces long term side effects.

CareAcross-young-survivor

Five years after their treatment, only 1% or less of women in each group had a recurrence of their cancer in their breast. Patients also reported greater satisfaction with breast appearance, particularly with partial breast radiotherapy.

“This could result in a crucial change to how we treat breast cancer”

The researchers hope the trial results will contribute to changes in clinical practice worldwide. They also expect side effects to continue to be lower for women in the partial breast radiotherapy group after ten years, compared with those given the full dose of radiotherapy to the whole breast.

Dr. Charlotte Coles, clinical trial lead and consultant clinical oncologist at Cambridge University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, said: “We’re really pleased we have demonstrated a very effective radiotherapy approach that also reduces the side effects of treatment. Minimizing these long term side effects is essential, as not only do they impact on physical health, but they can also cause psychological distress.”

Professor Arnie Purushotham, senior clinical adviser at Cancer Research UK, said: “This could result in a crucial change to how we treat breast cancer. If this changes practice it could prevent many women having lasting effects from their treatment and reduce the discomfort and emotional stress women have from these side effects.”

Source: eCancer News
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