Oral mucositis reduced for head and neck cancer patients in trial
4 Nov 2014
Preliminary results from a phase 2 trial for a medication to help prevent oral mucositis have been positive for patients with head and neck cancer. The overall incidence of severe oral mucositis was reduced by a maximum of 16% with this medication, compared to placebo.
About oral mucositis (OM)
Oral mucositis (OM) is a radio/chemotherapy related condition occurring very frequently in patients undergoing head and neck cancer treatment.
Based on the well-established WHO scale:
- OM is considered as "non severe" for grades 0 to 2, based on level of pain and burden for the patients
- From grade 3 to 4, OM is rated severe, based on symptoms such as pain and mouth dryness which prevents patients from drinking and eating and induces increased hospitalization and treatment breaks.
With no curative or preventive treatment currently, OM represents a serious unmet medical need for the patients.
A large trial to prevent and treat oral mucositis in patients with head and neck cancer
Onxeo has performed a large international randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 2 trial comparing the efficacy and safety of Validive® 50 µg and 100 µg applied once daily to those of placebo in the prevention and treatment of chemoradiation therapy-induced severe oral mucositis in 183 patients with head and neck cancer.
All patients received a postoperative radiochemotherapy with a mean cumulative dose of 61 Gray in combination with cisplatin-based chemotherapy in most of the cases. Endpoints were to compare the incidence, severity, time to onset and duration of severe OM as well as use of opioids and other adverse events related to cancer radiation treatment between the Validive® pooled groups and placebo. They were evaluated twice a week during the whole radiotherapy treatment.
The key results of the Phase 2 study showed:
- Significant decrease in the incidence of severe oral mucositis (grades 3 and 4) in the Validive® pooled arms versus placebo. Overall incidence of severe OM was 45% in the Validive® groups, with a maximum absolute decrease of 16% compared to placebo.
- Occurrence of severe OM has been delayed in the Validive® groups compared to placebo.
- Higher doses of radiation have been received by the Validive® treated patients before severe OM occurred.
- Improvement of critical conditions related to severe oral mucositis and radiation therapy, especially dysphagia, nausea and vomiting in both Validive® groups.
- No significant difference in efficacy observed between Validive® 50 µg and 100 µg groups.
- In terms of safety, Validive® showed a good safety profile with no major difference in the nature, incidence and severity of adverse events in the placebo and the Validive® groups.
At last, patient's compliance was very high, with more than 80% of patients applying Validive® or placebo tablets on the gum every day during radiation therapy as requested in the trial.
Analysis of results led to planning of phase 3 trial
The trial Advisory Board gathering Pr Michael Henke (Freiburg Germany), Pr René-Jean Bensadoun (Poitiers, France) and Pr Jordi Giralt (Barcelona, Spain), trial's coordinators, and Pr Steve Sonis, all international experts in oral mucositis, met to analyze and validate the main preliminary results.
Based on these preliminary data the Board has recommended pursuing the development of Validive® with the initiation of a Phase 3 trial in the same patient population. The company plans to initiate this trial in 2015.
Fast track designation by the FDA in January 2014
Validive® was granted a fast track designation by the FDA in January 2014, allowing facilitated interactions with the FDA and optimized development time and review period for drugs investigated as treatments for serious or life-threatening diseases with a high unmet medical need. Moreover, Validive® enjoys the orphan status in Europe, enabling optimization of the product's development plan in terms of cost and duration, as well as strengthening its protection (market exclusivity).
"A devastating inflammation in heavily stressed patients"
"All investigators in the study were looking forward these positive preliminary results which confirm the interest of Validive® as a highly promising treatment to tackle a devastating inflammation in heavily stressed patients, with virtually no side effects ", comments Judith Greciet, CEO of Onxeo. "With these promising positive Phase II results for Validive® and the product ready to enter Phase III, Onxeo now has a second program reaching the last stage of development, ahead of registration. This is a crucial step that significantly reinforces Validive®'s value and makes of this strong asset a success for Onxeo. I take the opportunity of this great achievement to thank eveybody, investigators, clinical and non-clinical experts as well as our internal teams for their help and strong support in the development of Validive".
Source: Medical News Today